Important Legal Terms


important Legal Terms available here.

Meaning of Plaint ?

A plaint is a legal document that contains a written statement of the plaintiff’s claim. In other words plaint can be defined as a written document which is given by the plaintiff to the court for prosecuting the case. A plaint is the first step to the institution of a suit.

Meaning of written statement ?

A written statement is an Reply file given by a defendant to the plaintiff’s suit.

Meaning of Plaintiff ?

A person who brings a case against another in court.

Meaning of Defendant ?

A person who has been accused of breaking the law is called a defendant.

Meaning of Appeal ?

Appeal means making an application to the High Court to reverse the decision of the lower court.

Meaning of tribunal ?

A tribunal is a judicial body or court of justice.

Meaning of Divorce ?

Legal dissolution of marriage by court or other competent body.

Meaning of valid ?

Legitimate means authorized and recognized as valid.

Meaning of illegitimate ?

illegitimate means not authorized and not recognized as valid.
Example :- A child born to a single mother who is not married.

Meaning of Adoption ?

Adoption is a legal fact or action in which a person can take another child and bringing it up as one’s own.

Meaning of maintenance ?

The act of providing basic and necessary support. The amount can be paid in one either one time or in monthly installments.

Meaning of judiciary ?

Judiciary is the branch of government that interprets the law, settles disputes and provides justice to all.

Meaning of Constitution ?

A constitution is defined as a set of written rules, laws and principles that are accepted by all the people living together in a country. It determines the relationship between the people and the government.

Meaning of Negligence ?

Negligence means failure to take proper care and consequently failure to cause injury or damage to someone.

Meaning of Nuisance ?

Anything which is disturbing, hurts or which is offensive and which persists for a continuous period of time is called nuisance.

Meaning of Precedent ?

Precedent means the decision of any court which may be the basis or reason for future decisions.

Meaning of Prospective ?

Prospective applies to the future to control the future acts of human beings and does not interfere with the past in any way.

Meaning of Mortgage ?

Mortgage is the transfer of ownership of a property or land by a borrower to a lander for the purpose of loan.

Meaning of Retrospective ?

Retrospective means to correct a defect in any action taken in the past or to make a law on it so that it is applicable to the past.

Meaning of Summons ?

A summons is a notice given to someone informing them that a complaint or suit has been filed against them and that they are required to appear in court to answer the complaint.

Meaning of Ultra vires ?

Ultra Vires means ‘beyond the power’. It is used to describe an act that requires a legal right or power but is then accomplished without the requisite authority.

Meaning of will ?

A will under the Indian Succession Act, 1925 is a legal declaration of the intent of the testator to distribute his property after his death.

Meaning of Alimony ?

Alimony is money that a court of law orders someone to pay regularly after the divorce of their former wife or husband.

Meaning of Valid ?

Valid means legally binding by virtue of being executed in compliance with the law.

Meaning of Litigation ?

The action, process, or practice of settling a dispute in a court of law.

Meaning of Monogamy ?

The practice of marrying or the state of being married to one person at a time.

Meaning of Bigamy ?

Bigamy is the offense of marrying a person while he or she is already legally married.

Meaning of Polygamy?

The condition or practice of having more than one spouse at the same time.

Meaning of Crime ?

Crime means wrong done by a man. In other words, an offense is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

Meaning of Agreement ?

An agreement is a promise or any set of promises between two or more parties to do or not to do something. (Under section 2(e) of the Indian Contract Act ).

Meaning of Contract ?

Contract means a promise which is enforceable by law.

Meaning of Fraud ?

Fraud is a deliberate act in which a person illegally obtains profit or money and violates the rights of the victim.

Meaning of Minor ?

Minor means a person who is below the age of majority or the legal age of adulthood.

Meaning of Indemnity ?

Indemnity is the compensation paid by the other (defendant) party to the injured party.

Meaning of Guarantee ?

A guarantee is a contractual promise to ensure that a third party will fulfill its obligations.

Meaning of Bailment?

The term bailment refers to a legal relationship between two parties, where property or assets are transferred from a Bailor to a bailee for a specified period of time, but retains ownership.

Meaning of Pledge ?

A contract where the person deposits an item or goods with a lender as security for the repayment of a loan or the performance of a promise. It is used for movable property.

Meaning of Libel ?

Libel is defined as making, writing and publishing false and malicious statements about someone that damages that person’s reputation.

Meaning of Slander ?

Slander is defined as making any false statement about someone that damages that person’s reputation.

Meaning of Defamation ?

Defamation is the act of damaging the reputation of another person by giving a false statement to a third person.

Meaning of Homicide ?

Homicide means killing one person by another person.

Meaning of Genocide ?

Genocide is an internationally recognized crime where acts are committed with a national, ethnic, racial or religious group destroying wholly or partly.

Meaning of Suicide ?

Suicide is the intentional and voluntary act of a person who wants to end his life.

Meaning of Executive ?

The executive is the part of the government that enforces the law and responsible for the governance of the state.

Meaning of Legislature ?

Legislature is a governing body that makes laws and can amend or repeal them.

Meaning of Warrant ?

A warrant is a legal document issued by courts that authorizes the police or other permitted authority to make an arrest, search, seize property or execute a judgment.

Meaning of Public ?

The people of the country whose government serves.

Meaning of Private ?

Relating to or used only by one person or group of people.

Meaning of Adjourn ?

To postpone the session of a court or to suspend proceeding to another time or place.

Meaning of Alibi ?

Alibu is a which means at another place. in other words the explanation given by a person accused of a crime that he or she was somewhere else when the crime was committed. read also

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